DLO-M1 density sensor for liquids
The DLO-M1 sensor measures the density of liquids in a microelectromechanical system (MEMS). Within the MEMS, the liquid is directed to an omega-shaped microchannel, known as the omega chip. This tiny silicon tube – it is hardly thicker than a hair – is vibrated for the purposes of the measurement. The density of the medium to be measured can be derived from the natural frequency of this oscillation: The denser the medium, the smaller the oscillation. Thanks to the measurement in the MEMS, the sensor is only 30 x 80 x 15 mm³ in size and can therefore be accommodated even in tight spaces. The high-precision measurement results are immediately available, enabling continuous measurement during the process. The density of liquids depends on their temperature. To compensate for this effect, an integrated platinum resistor measures the temperature of the liquid. The measured values are transmitted to the higher-level system via an RS232 interface. The sensor uses an ASCII command protocol in the TrueDyne Sensors standard for this purpose.
Cooperation with Testo
The refrigerant in a refrigeration circuit is in most cases a mixture of ethylene glycol and water. The optimum concentration is determined depending on the minimum temperature entering the circuit in order to prevent the liquid from freezing. At the same time, the aim is to keep the water content as high as possible, as this has a positive effect on thermal conductivity. So how can the concentration of the glycol-water mixture in the process be monitored? With TrueDyne’s DLO-M1 sensor you collect the necessary data to determine the concentration of the medium in the running process.
1. density sensor with integrated glycol-water concentration calculation. 2. concentration is directly output as measured value. 3. refrigeration system and concentration processing for cooling industrial applications. 4. heat exchanger on the roof of factory buildings. Due to the circulation water can evaporate and the concentration of the refrigerant changes. Here the DLO-M1 is used for concentration monitoring.
From volume (l) to mass (kg)
If, for example, a fuel is pumped from a truck into a tank system, the volume of the liquid in the tank is measured as standard. However, since the density varies depending on the pressure and temperature, it is not possible to make precise statements about the mass. With the DLO-M1 sensor from TrueDyne, you can record the necessary density data during the process and use it to calculate the mass (V·ρ=m).
1. Fuel is pumped from the truck to the tank system. 2. Standardized volumetric measurement in liters. 3. The DLO-M1 density sensor detects the density directly on the truck in a bypass. Thanks to the compact design of the sensor, it can also be integrated into the process at a later stage. 4. Together with the volumetric measurement, the density can be used to calculate the mass in kilograms of the liquid in the tank, which is then transferred to the customer.
The density of a liquid depends on its composition. If different liquids are mixed together, the correct mixing ratio can be checked with density measurements. Take heating oil, for example: According to legal requirements, 7 % biodiesel may be added to heating oil. As biodiesel is tax-free, this process is often carried out at the limit of legality. With the DLO-M1 density sensor from TrueDyne, you can monitor the quality of the heating oil during the process.
1. Tank truck for the supply of heating oil. 2. The sensor measures the density of the heating oil directly at the transfer point. The data collected on site shows whether the correct media are present in the correct ratio. 3. The product is handed over to the customer. Good quality is guaranteed.
- petrol E5 / E10 / E85
- diesel B7 / B10 / XTL
- Jet-A1 (also F-35 or JP-8)
- M100 (methanol)
- OME* (synthetic fuel)
Aqueous media like for eg.
- Glycole mixtures*
If necessary, media that deviate from the listed may be used, after individual clarification. *Optional
Max. measurement error: Density: ±0,5 kg/m³ (Option: ±[0.2 or 0.01 x abs (T-25°C)] kg/m³ if the value is >0.2³) Temperature: ±0,3 °C (Option ±0.15 or. ±[0.0075 x abs(T-25°C)] °C if the value is >0.15) Repeatability: Density: ±0,25 kg/m³ (Option ±0,1 kg/m³) Temperature: ±0,1 °C (Option ±0,05 °C)
Range of application
Climate class : IEC/EN 60068-2-1 IEC/EN 60068-2-2 IEC/EN 60068-2-30 Electromagnetic compatibility: EMV 2014/30/EU (EN 61326-1) Vibration and shock resistance: IEC/EN 60068-2-6 IEC/EN 60068-2-27 IEC/EN 60068-2-64 Degree of protection IPx4, IPx5, IPx6, IPx7 (IEC 60529)
Housing: Stainless steel:
- 1.4404 (316L)
- 1.4542 (AISI/SUS 630)
Medium wetted material: Stainless steel:
- 1.4542 (AISI/SUS 630)
BOROFLOAT® 33 glass Silicon Epoxy resin
Dimensions / design
Dimensions: 30 mm x 66 mm x 15 mm (without cable and cable bushing) Weight: <150 g Dimensions measuring channel: 160 x 200 μm (500 nl)
Cable type: Fixed installed cable Cable length: 3 m Outer diameter of cable: 2.3 mm Diameter of cores: 4 x AWG 28 Lead of gage: Digital communication line and power supply in a common shielded cable Communication: Continuous, without the need for a command from the outside Hardware Standard RS232 Proprietary ASCII output string Power supply: Power connection DC 5 to 12 V (max. 400 mW) via power unit with safety extra low voltage (SELV) or protective extra low voltage (PELV) Voltage strength The maximum permissible fault voltage between GND (signal ground) and earth must not exceed 36 Vpeek. Data rate: 10 Saps (Option acyclique with 100 ms response time) Cable occupation: white: VDD (supply voltage) brown: GND (signal ground) green: RX (input) yellow: TX (output) Note: The cable assignment corresponds to the view of the sensor (DLO-M1)
Certificates and approvals
- Electronic interface for communication and power supply
- Drill holes for mechanical mounting (6 x M3 threaded holes)
- Fluidic interface (2 x M5 threaded holes)